Django2.0手册:Built-in class-based views API

Class-based views API reference. For introductory material, see the
Class-based views topic guide.

Specification¶

Each request served by a class-based view has an independent state; therefore,
it is safe to store state variables on the instance (i.e., self.foo = 3 is
a thread-safe operation).

A class-based view is deployed into a URL pattern using the
as_view() classmethod:

urlpatterns = [
    path('view/', MyView.as_view(size=42)),
]

Thread safety with view arguments

Arguments passed to a view are shared between every instance of a view.
This means that you shouldn’t use a list, dictionary, or any other
mutable object as an argument to a view. If you do and the shared object
is modified, the actions of one user visiting your view could have an
effect on subsequent users visiting the same view.

Arguments passed into as_view() will
be assigned onto the instance that is used to service a request. Using the
previous example, this means that every request on MyView is able to use
self.size. Arguments must correspond to attributes that already exist on
the class (return True on a hasattr check).

Base vs Generic views¶

Base class-based views can be thought of as parent views, which can be
used by themselves or inherited from. They may not provide all the
capabilities required for projects, in which case there are Mixins which
extend what base views can do.

Django’s generic views are built off of those base views, and were developed
as a shortcut for common usage patterns such as displaying the details of an
object. They take certain common idioms and patterns found in view
development and abstract them so that you can quickly write common views of
data without having to repeat yourself.

Most generic views require the queryset key, which is a QuerySet
instance; see Making queries for more information about QuerySet
objects.