Django2.0手册:Integrating Django with a legacy database

While Django is best suited for developing new applications, it’s quite
possible to integrate it into legacy databases. Django includes a couple of
utilities to automate as much of this process as possible.

This document assumes you know the Django basics, as covered in the
tutorial.

Once you’ve got Django set up, you’ll follow this general process to integrate
with an existing database.

Give Django your database parameters¶

You’ll need to tell Django what your database connection parameters are, and
what the name of the database is. Do that by editing the DATABASES
setting and assigning values to the following keys for the 'default'
connection:

Auto-generate the models¶

Django comes with a utility called inspectdb that can create models
by introspecting an existing database. You can view the output by running this
command:

$ python manage.py inspectdb

Save this as a file by using standard Unix output redirection:

$ python manage.py inspectdb > models.py

This feature is meant as a shortcut, not as definitive model generation. See the
documentation of inspectdb for more information.

Once you’ve cleaned up your models, name the file models.py and put it in
the Python package that holds your app. Then add the app to your
INSTALLED_APPS setting.

By default, inspectdb creates unmanaged models. That is,
managed = False in the model’s Meta class tells Django not to manage
each table’s creation, modification, and deletion:

class Person(models.Model):
    id = models.IntegerField(primary_key=True)
    first_name = models.CharField(max_length=70)
    class Meta:
       managed = False
       db_table = 'CENSUS_PERSONS'

If you do want to allow Django to manage the table’s lifecycle, you’ll need to
change the managed option above to True
(or simply remove it because True is its default value).

Install the core Django tables¶

Next, run the migrate command to install any extra needed database
records such as admin permissions and content types:

$ python manage.py migrate

Test and tweak¶

Those are the basic steps — from here you’ll want to tweak the models Django
generated until they work the way you’d like. Try accessing your data via the
Django database API, and try editing objects via Django’s admin site, and edit
the models file accordingly.